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Social capital and its role in traditional conflict resolution in ethiopia pdf

Abiy Ahmed as its Chairperson and the Prime Minister of the country following the resignation of Hailemariam Desalegn from his party and government positions. Yesterday at the House of Peoples' Representative, the outgoing Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn handed over the country's flag and constitution to Dr.

social capital and its role in traditional conflict resolution in ethiopia pdf

The new Prime Minister Dr. Abiy affirmed that his government's commitment for the participation of citizens in the country's democratization process and to play their part in the country's development journey. Abiy is married and met his wife, Zinash Tayachew, while both were serving in the Ethiopian Defense Forces. They have three daughters together. According to sources, he grew up in a multilingual family with Muslim and Christian parents. His childhood name was Abiyot, meaning Revolution, a name that was sometimes given to children in the aftermath of the Derg seizure of power in The then Abiyot went to the local primary school and later continued his studies at secondary schools in Agaro town.

Abiy completed his Ph. As a follow-up to his Ph. Following his election as a party chairman, various segments of the society has still been forwarding more constructive comments about Dr. Abiy achievements and future possible victories in the development of the country. Abiy Ahmed. He says that Dr. Abiy is exemplary for taking government responsibilities and commitments.

He respects every employee without creating discrimination among them. He was also very democratic in his leadership regarding accepting suggestions and opinions. He would not like to impose ideas on peoples forcefully. He was rather lead discussions freely," he added. Abiy, according to him, was always very interested in his own education and later in his life also encouraged others to learn and to improve.

Wasihun also confirms, "Dr. Abiy has strong will to learn and develop himself and to support others to do so. Due to his successful political and military careers as well as his multidimensional talents in various fields, he will be an effective leader of the country, particularly in ensuring peace and security, with the help of the whole people as the outcome is for all.

Abiy's election to the position of the prime minister would open up opportunities for these reforms to be implemented at the broadest level throughout the country. In this regard, various people has given him comments through twitter and other social media. Ebisa Merga, a resident in Addis, says that congratulations for Dr. Ebisa commented that Dr.

Abiy should properly use his authority, particularly in addressing public demands and fulfilling their needs.He grew up in multilingual and multireligious family household where his father, Ahmed Ali, is an Oromo Muslim and his mother is a Christian.

He studied his elementary, middle school and High school at a local school in Jimma.

Inside Story - What is triggering Ethiopia's unrest?

After the fall of the Derg, he took formal military training from Assefa Brigade in West Wollega and was stationed there. His military post was in intelligence and communications. Abiy completed his Ph. He did his Ph. Untilhe was the founding director of INSA. Some of these confrontations turned violent and resulted in the loss of life and property.

Abiy took a proactive role in working with several religious institutions and elders to bring about reconciliation in the zone. Abiy became an executive member of OPDO in In this role, Abiy was expected to be the major driving force behind Oromia Economic Revolution, Oromia Land and Investment reform, youth employment as well as resistance to wide-spread land grabbing in Oromia region.

They have three daughters together. Abiy is a fitness aficionado and professes that physical health goes hand in hand with mental health and as such frequents physical and gym activities in Addis Ababa. Source Wikipedia. Abiy Ahmed. Abiy AhmedAfrica. March 27, Abiy AhmedAfrica Abiy and Ramaphosa reset relations.

Abiy Ahmed Ethiopia and Eritrea eye socioeconomic integration.Due to either good luck or ineptitude on behalf of the assailants likely bothAbiy emerged unscathed. His Ph. Beyond the images of families uniting for the first time in decadespeace has upended the region in hard geopolitical terms, with talk of the United Nations Security Council lifting its sanctions on Eritreaand the very real prospect that Ethiopia could elevate itself to a regional superpower.

There are winners in such an arrangement, and losers—and observers fear that the latter will start expressing their displeasure in terms more forceful than ad hoc grenade attacks. While Addis Ababa transmogrified into a tower-clogged megalopolis, social discord rendered parts of the nation virtually ungovernable. Abiy has promised to change all that, in no small part by opening his borders. As if presaging his endeavors, and certainly designed to encourage such reforms, since African countries have been adding their signatures to the Niamey Conventionwhich calls for increased cross-border cooperation.

Only about 10 percent of African trade is intracontinental. Nothing articulated the insanity of African border regimes better than the Ethiopian-Eritrean deadlock. Inthe United Nations rolled tiny Eritrea, a former Italian colony, into an Ethiopia-dominated federation. Emperor Haile Selassie unilaterally annexed his neighbor 10 years later, sparking an insurgency which bubbled away until Eritrea was liberated in The country officially celebrated independence inwhen Isaias Afwerki, who became president after leading the liberation movement, rejected the overtures of the international community, and turned the country into a one-party state, ruled by one man, with no room for concessions.

Inhe launched a war against Ethiopia over a disputed patch of desolate borderland. Two years later, tens of thousands were killed in trench warfare reminiscent of the worst of World War I. In the ensuing decades, fears of terrorism and the threat of regional instability rendered Eritrea one of the most isolated countries on Earth.

InGeorge W. In Junethe UN Human Rights Council published a comprehensive page report documenting the boundless cruelty that Eritrea visited upon its own citizens. At least 3, people are said to flee a month, most of them into scorching Sudan and then north across the Mediterranean, contributing significantly to the largest global refugee crisis since World War II. Across the border in Ethiopia, Meles Zenawi, who became prime minister inworked to keep al-Shabaab insurgents at bay while viciously repressing his own Muslim population.

But following a short illness, Meles died in Into the vacuum walked Deputy Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn, a former sanitation engineer without a significant power basewho stood down in February, after waves of violent protests sparked by attempts to ethnically gerrymander the capital. Suddenly, the ruling party anointed Abiy Ahmed Ali prime minister. Popular but untested, he was an anomaly for a number of reasons. This is not precisely true—while his father is Muslim, his mother is not, and he exists in a sectarian middle ground that makes him acceptable to an array of constituencies.

Second, he belongs to the traditionally marginalized Oromo ethnic group that constitutes around 40 percent of the Ethiopian population. Within weeks of his inauguration, he freed thousands of political protesters and journalists from jail, and introduced economic reforms that would have been unthinkable under Meles.

Abiy Ahmed

They are by no means universally embraced by the ruling elite.The agreement he orchestrated has been held up as an example of how historic change can come about in even the longest and most intractable conflicts.

Diplomatic relations between Ethiopia and Eritrea have resumed, and the two leaders and senior officials from both nations have met frequently to discuss how to reconnect the two countries. This report of an alternative to coercive military force is an encouragement to those of us who despair over a lifetime three generations of seeking resolutions to conflicts through military threats and actions.

The educational path of Abiy Ahmed gives us a guide for the development of a new mode of leadership free from a dependence on military force. But he did not stop there. It is apparent that his doctorate on conflict resolution has been influential in the development of his skills to make peace with Eritrea, and work toward creating harmony among leaders of the Horn of Africa.

In contrast, during this U. If a candidate has not served in the military, they are expected to express strong financial and verbal support for a nation of volunteer warriors. One of the primary key skills of the president is perceived to be the ability to utilize military strength, including nuclear armaments, to conduct foreign policy.

We need the wisdom of leaders who have been educated in the skills of conflict resolution, empathy and listening. We need candidates for president and Congress who are willing and able to reach out a hand to adversaries with confidence in effective peace initiatives.

That would be a sign of real strength. That would be refreshing daily news to lift our spirits and renew our confidence in the integrity and wisdom of our elected officials.A former army intelligence officer, since becoming prime minister Abiy has launched a wide programme of political and economic reforms, [5] and worked to broker peace deals in EritreaSouth Sudanand a transition agreement in the Republic of the Sudan.

Abiy was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his work in ending the year post-war territorial stalemate between Ethiopia and Eritrea. Abiy Ahmed was born in the town of Beshashalocated near AgaroOromia. Abiy is the 13th child of his father and the sixth and youngest child of his mother, the fourth of his father's four wives.

The name was sometimes given to children in the aftermath of the Derg revolution of Abiy, according to several personal reports, was always very interested in his own education and later in his life also encouraged others to learn and to improve. Abiy, who had started his Doctor of Philosophy Ph. He did his Ph.

As a follow-up to his Ph. He met and married his wife, Zinash Tayachew, an Amhara woman from Gondar[21] [7] [15] while both were serving in the Ethiopian Defense Forces. As a teenager and in early[26] he joined the armed struggle against the Marxist—Leninist regime of Mengistu Haile Mariam after the death of his oldest brother. He did so as a member of ODP Oromo Democratic Partywhich at that time was a tiny organization of only around fighters in the large coalition army of aboutfighters that resulted in the regime's fall later that year.

As a speaker of Tigrinya in a security apparatus dominated by Tigrayans, he could move forward with his military career. After the fall of the Derg, he took formal military training from Assefa Brigade in West Wollega and was stationed there. His military post was in intelligence and communications. Later on he became a soldier in the now Ethiopian National Defense Force in and worked mostly in the intelligence and communications departments.

Later on, Abiy was posted back to his home town of Beshasha, where he — as an officer of the Defense Forces — had to address a critical situation of inter-religious clashes between Muslims and Christians with a number of deaths.

He attained the rank of Lieutenant Colonel [20] [23] before deciding in to leave the military and his post as deputy director of INSA to become a politician. In the national election, Abiy Ahmed represented the woreda of Agaro and became an elected member of the House of Peoples' Representativesthe lower chamber of the Ethiopian Federal Parliamentary Assembly. Before and during his time of parliamentary service, there were several religious clashes among Muslims and Christians in Jimma zone.

Some of these confrontations turned violent and resulted in the loss of life and property. Abiy Ahmed, as an elected member of parliament took a proactive role in working with several religious institutions and elders to bring about reconciliation in the zone. He was then setting up a forum entitled "Religious Forum for Peace"an outcome of the need to devise a sustainable resolution mechanism to restore peaceful Muslim-Christian community interaction in the region.

social capital and its role in traditional conflict resolution in ethiopia pdf

The same year he was elected to the House of Peoples' Representatives for a second term, this time for his home woreda of Gomma. Starting fromAbiy Ahmed became one of the central figures in the violent fight against illegal land grabbing activities in Oromia Region and especially around Addis Ababa.

Although the Addis Ababa Master Plan at the heart of the land-grabbing plans was stopped inthe disputes continued for some time resulting in injuries and deaths.

In this role, Abiy Ahmed was expected to be the major driving force behind Oromia Economic Revolution, Oromia Land and Investment reform, youth employment as well as resistance to widespread land grabbing in Oromia region. As head of ODP Secretariat from OctoberAbiy Ahmed crossed over religious and ethnic divides to facilitate the formation of a new alliance between Oromo and the Amhara groups, both making up two thirds of the million Ethiopian population.

In earlya lot of political observers considered Abiy Ahmed and Lemma Megersa as the most popular politicians within the Oromo community, as well as other Ethiopian communities. But despite this favourable rating for Abiy Ahmed and Lemma Megersa, young people from Oromia Region called for immediate action without delays to bring fundamental change and freedom to Oromia Region and Ethiopia — otherwise more unrest was to be expected.

Hailemariam's resignation triggered the first ever contested leadership election among EPRDF coalition members to replace him. Despite being the clear favourite for the general public, Lemma Megersa was not a member of the national parliament, a requirement to become Prime Minister as required by the Ethiopian constitution.

Therefore, Lemma Megersa was excluded from the leadership race. Some observers saw that as a strategic move by the ODP to retain its leadership role within the coalition and to promote Abiy Ahmed to become Prime Minister.

Each of the four parties sent in 45 members.Create an AI-powered research feed to stay up to date with new papers like this posted to ArXiv.

Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: Traditional African societies are closely attached with deep-rooted cultural facts and elders play a major roles tosolve problems, create strategies and shape local visions based on skills and wisdoms. To do this, they use their pastexperience and knowledge which transmit from generation to generation. That accumulated knowledge of elders areindigenous knowledge which cultivated from the local community.

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social capital and its role in traditional conflict resolution in ethiopia pdf

Launch Research Feed. Share This Paper. Figures from this paper. Citations Publications citing this paper. KaundaL. JactuRoderick R. Hewitt Political Science References Publications referenced by this paper. Macfarlane Dewalt Sociology Babbitt Sociology Brush Sociology Create an AI-powered research feed to stay up to date with new papers like this posted to ArXiv.

Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. Colonialism impacted the social, cultural, political and economic life of Africans in a very significant and radical manner.

With it, a western legal tradition, premised upon an AngloAmerican jurisprudential thought was imposed on Africans. African values, norms and beliefs, which provided the normative and undergirding framework for conflict resolution, were severely weakened, undermined and disregarded.

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My Turn: An education in peace that’s worth emulating

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